Instead of going into bankruptcy, everyone, including the States, was provided with the opportunity to use the new Federal Reserve Notes, called (incorrectly) «lawful money» grounded in perpetual debt of the «eligible paper» which formed the assets of the Federal Reserve and the National Banks, These are also known as «units of monetized debt». paid down or already been paid for anything since that infamous day of June 5, 1933 when Roosevelt willfully and knowingly stole Our gold and gave it to a bunch of foreign bankers. (Lawfully, debts can only be paid with money – money as defined by the Law of the Land – The Constitution – being gold and silver coin. Anything else is not lawful money and cannot therefore lawfully «pay a debt».) Thus, overnight, We The People became liable for specific performance on the basis of a debt action of assumpsit under the personal Law Vendor, operating outside of the Constitution and imposing an Equitable jurisdiction. A jurisdiction in which no one has any rights, where one can be compelled summarily to deliver his property without trial by Common Law jury. And the debts to the private bankers keep mounting ever higher.
Neither can be He end up being motivated, by law, to simply accept, or to render told accept to accept, a fair jurisdiction foreign to help you their Costs off Legal rights.
At the beginning from authorities underneath the Constitution , Congress conferred on government district courts exclusive cognizance «of all civil causes of admiralty and you will maritime legislation, . . . . . . ; preserving to help you suitors, throughout circumstances, best from a familiar Law remedy, where in fact the Common-law was competent to have;. . .» (step 1 STAT 77, Part nine (1789))
As this jurisdiction try kept to be exclusive, the effectiveness of guidelines on the same topic need to necessarily become regarding the national legislature rather than on state legislatures.
Congress enacted the Limited Liability Act on March 3, 1851. It is codified at Title 46, United States Code, Sections 181-189, as amended in 1875, 1877, 1935, 1936 and the Act of 1884. It intended to cover the entire subject of limitations, and to invest the U. S. District Courts with exclusive original cognizance of all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, exclusive of the States. This means that the States do not have any jurisdiction in admiralty and maritime matters, anyway.
Admiralty and maritime jurisdiction comprises two types of cases: (1) those involving acts committed on the high seas or other navigable waters, and (2) those involving agreements and you can transactions pertaining to shipments employed into oceans otherwise navigable seas. In other words, the second type of case must have a direct connection with maritime commerce.
A freeborn, Sovereign American personal can not be pushed on continuous debtorship and you will unconscious servitude, that is, feudalistic results on behalf of, and also for the advantage of, anyone, real or juristic, facing their Thirteenth Post regarding Amendments with the Composition of your own United states
Suits in admiralty traditionally took the form of a proceeding in the rem against the vessel, and, with exceptions to be noted, such proceedings within the rem are confined exclusively to federal admiralty courts, because the grant of exclusive jurisdiction to the federal courts by the Judiciary Act of 1789 has been interpreted as referring to the traditional admiralty action, the into the rem action, that was unknown on the Common law.
If you’re Condition process of law are permitted so you’re able to
State courts are forbidden by the Constitution to have Admiralty jurisdiction. handle and check out Admiralty cases if the suitor desires, it needs to be an Admiralty count first off and it must involve property, otherwise there would not be a Common Law remedy. In other words, the Common Law courts would not be competent to handle it. More than this, it would need to be tried in a whatsyourprice app Common Law court, following Common Law procedures (not Equity procedures) with a Trial by a Common Law jury.